How can I eat and brush my teeth with all that metal in my mouth?

This handout is designed to give you information on what foods to avoid and how to eat different types of foods during the period you have orthodontic braces and wires. You will quickly realize that orthodontic treatment is not a punishment and that you don’t have to deprive yourself of everything you like. Following these instructions will allow you to go through treatment as quickly as possible and with a minimum of difficulty. Everytime a brace comes off or a wire breaks, treatment cannot proceed as planned and treatment time is lengthened. It is therefore necessary to notify your orthodontist so that everything can be corrected as soon as possible.

Why not gum? I like it and all my friends who wear braces chew it?

You are allowed to eat almost everything except chewing gum. You may ask yourself: « Why not gum – I like it and all my friends who wear braces chew it? » It is not because we want to deny you or bother you – chewing gum causes orthodontic wires to fatigue much more rapidly. If one wants to break a piece of metal without cutting it with pliers, an easy way is to continually bend the wire back and forth in the same spot. Chewing gum has this same effect on the wire. It can also remove ligatures which helps to hold the wire into the braces as well as cause wire to come out of the braces in the back. This can allow teeth to move in the wrong direction and prolong treatment.

Foods to be careful

Even though most other foods are permitted

Special attention should be paid to how certain foods are eaten in order to avoid problems with your braces:

  • Anything which is cooked and becomes softer can be eaten normally (for example: well cooked potatoes or carrots, chicken, meat, etc.); be careful with meat not to take pieces that are very large because its dense nature can cause wires to be displaced; be careful not to chew down on bones in meat or chicken since they can easily dislodge braces off the teeth.
  • Anything which is raw and hard such as raw carrots, cauliflower, broccoli, and celery should be cut into small rings, slices or sticks of a maximum thickness of 5 mm. Celery threads won’t get stuck in your appliances if you cut them into thin rings.
  • Regular potato chips can be eaten normally but hard or crispy chips should be broken up into small pieces and kept in the mouth for a short while to allow the saliva to soften them before chewing.
  • Dried hard cereals should be allowed to soften in milk.
  • Pop-corn is very dangerous for orthodontic appliances; it is very important that, if you cannot resist eating it, to only take well-cooked pieces and to carefully crush them between your teeth without allowing the teeth to come into full contact. Unpopped or undercooked pieces should not be eaten because they are much too hard.
  • Anything like chocolate or candies should not be bitten into or chewed. Hard candies will unglue braces and sticky candies can bend or dislodge the wires. For hard, soft or sticky candies let them melt in your mouth (it is even better because it lasts longer).
  • For hard chocolate bars, break them into small pieces and let them melt in your mouth. Never forget to brush your teeth afterward. Soft chocolate such as Aero bars can be eaten normally but be careful if they may contain almonds or other nuts.
  • Avoid candies such as caramels or jujubes.
  • It is not recommended to eat corn on the cob but rather to remove the corn with a knife.
  • Do not chew down on ice cubes since they are very hard.
  • You can eat nuts but only if they are no thicker than a half peanut or half almond. If they are thicker, break them into smaller and thinner pieces.
  • Be careful with certain bread crusts that are very hard and may break your appliances.
  • If you eat fruits with pits, be careful not to chew down on the pit; it is safer to remove the pit before eating; the same advice goes for olives.
  • If you wish to eat an apple, cut it into quarters and remove the centre.
  • Do not forget that pencils, pens, forks, spoons, fingernails and other hard objects are sometimes put into the mouth; biting down on these can easily break the appliances.

Your Orthodontic Specialists

Dr. Jean Rizkallah

DMD, MSc, FRCD(c), Orthodontist

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Dr. Jean Rizkallah is originally from Laval. He completed his pre-university studies at Collège Laval and Marianopolis College. A graduate of the University of Montreal in dentistry in 2009, Dr. Jean Rizkallah subsequently obtained a certificate in the multidisciplinary residency program of the Montreal Children’s Hospital of the McGill University Health Center.

In 2014, Dr. Rizkallah completed his specialty in orthodontics and completed a master’s degree in dental sciences at the University of Montreal. He was recruited as a clinical professor at the Montreal Children’s Hospital where he supervises the treatment of patients with special needs and whose health is compromised. In addition to his studies and work, Dr. Jean Rizkallah enjoys sports, traveling and, above all, spending time with his family.

In August 2014, Dr. Rizkallah established his practice at 4400 de Salaberry Street to provide orthodontic services. During his practice at the Montreal Children’s Hospital, he discovered a passion and a facility to treat children. His warm approach and his patience will put you in confidence.

Dr. Jean Rizkallah is a member of the following dental associations:

Dr. Clarice Nishio

DMD, MSc, PhD, FRCD(c), Orthodontist

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Dr. Clarice Nishio completed a Master’s degree in Dentistry, with an option in Orthodontics, as well as a postdoctoral fellowship in Cell Biology at the University of Montreal. She also obtained a Doctorate in Dental Medicine and a Doctorate in Orthodontics from the Federal University of Rio de Janeiro. Dr. Nishio has received several awards and honors and has even been a guest scientist at Hiroshima University.

In addition to being an associate professor at the Faculty of Dentistry of the University of Montreal, Dr. Nishio offers quality orthodontic services at the Yulsmile clinic. Her gentle manner, contagious smile and meticulous work will immediately put you at ease.

Dr. Clarice Nishio is a member of the following dental associations: